Ohm’s Law is a basic law of physics which states that current passing through a conductor is proportional to the input voltage.
V ∝ I
Where ‘V’ is voltage and ‘I’ is current and ‘R’ is constant of proportionality.
R is actually resistance of conductor which is assumed constant.
Removing this proportionality we get:
V = IR
We can use this formula to find current and resistance as well:
I = V/R
and R = V/I
The Ohm’s Triangle
You can easily memorize the above equations from the triangle.
- Draw a triangle.
- Divide it into 3 parts
- Mention V on top side
- Mention I on bottom left side
- Mention R on the bottom right side.
- To find V place your thumb on V and observe I and R. Here we get equation IR or better I.R
- To find I place your thumb on I and observe V and R. Here V is in numerator and R is in denominator we get equation I = V/R
- Finally, place your thumb on R and observe V and I. We get R = V/R